Selected Courses on Digital Art-UOWM

28 Οκτωβρίου 2016

Digital Art – Introduction: A Short History of Technology and Art

Filed under: ΚΕΙΜΕΝΑ — admin @ 08:55

         Computer Art > Multimedia Art > New Media

  • art that uses digital technologies as a tool 
  • art that uses digital technologies as its own medium 
    Technical History of Digital Art 
  • limited to military, academic, and consumer cultureAs We May Think by army scientist Vannevar Bush imagined the 
    first computerMen, Machines and the World Apart by Norbert Wiener 
  • 1946 – ENICA the University of Pennsylvania created the first digital computer 
  • 1961 – Theodor Nelson coined the terms Hypertext and and Hypermedia to describe texts in which images and sounds could be linked 
  • 1964 – RAND Corporation (Cold War think tank) conceptualized the internet as a communication network without central authority that could be safe from a nuclear attack 
  • 1968 – Douglas Engelbart from the Stanford Research Institute created came up with the idea of bitmapping, windows, and direct manipulation through a mouse 
    Bitmapping: each pixel of a computer screen is a assigned on/off (0-1). The computer screen could then be divided into a grid of pixels that create a 2D image 
  • 1970’s – Alan Kay of the Xerox Parc in Palo Alto, CA developed the GUI (graphical user interface), and the “desktop” metaphor popularized bu Apple in 1983 

    Evolution of Digital Art
  • developed in connection to Dada and Fluxus: conceptual art has challenged the traditional notions of the art work, audience, and artist 
  • 1984 – William Gibson coined the term “cyberspace” in his novel Neruomancer 
  • 1990’s – Digital art began making it’s way into museums and galleries 
  • digital arts festivals 
    ICC (Tokyo, Japan)ZKM (Karlsruhe, Germany)Ars Electronica (Linz, Austria)Transmediale (Berlin, Germany) SIGGRAPH (Los Angeles, USA) 

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