Selected Courses on Digital Art-UOWM

9 Δεκεμβρίου 2012


Filed under: Notes — admin @ 21:20

The Matrix

Theatrical release poster featuring four main characters
Directed by
Produced by Joel Silver
Written by
  • Andy Wachowski
  • Larry Wachowski
Music by Don Davis
Cinematography Bill Pope
Editing by Zach Staenberg
Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures
Release date(s)
  • March 31, 1999
Running time 136 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $63 million
Box office $463,517,383[1]
The Matrix is a 1999 American science fiction action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski. The film stars Keanu Reeves,Laurence FishburneCarrie-Anne MossJoe Pantoliano, and Hugo Weaving. It depicts a dystopian future in which reality as perceived by most humans is actually a simulated reality or cyberspace called “the Matrix”, created by sentient machines to pacify and subdue the human population, while their bodies’ heat and electrical activity are used as an energy source. Computer programmer “Neo” discovers this truth and is drawn into a rebellion against the machines, which involves other people who have been freed from the “dream world” and into reality.

The Matrix is known for popularizing a visual effect known as “bullet time“, which allows a shot to progress in slow-motion while the camera appears to move through the scene at normal speed. 
The film is an example of the cyberpunk science fiction genre.[2] It contains numerous references to philosophical and religious ideas, and prominently pays homage to works such as 
 The Wachowskis’ approach to action scenes drew upon their admiration for Japanese animation[4] and martial arts films, and the film’s use of fight choreographers and wire fu techniques from Hong Kong action cinema was influential upon subsequent Hollywood action film productions.

The Matrix was first released in the United States on March 31, 1999, and grossed over $460 million worldwide.
 It was generally well-received by critics,[5][6] and won four Academy Awards as well as other accolades including BAFTA Awards and Saturn Awards. Reviewers praised The Matrix for its innovative visual effects, cinematography and its entertainment; however, the film’s premise was either criticised for being derivative of earlier science fiction works, or praised for being intriguing. Its action also drew polarized criticism, either praised as being impressive, or dismissed as a trite distraction from an interesting premise. Despite this, the film has since appeared in lists of the greatest science fiction films.[7][8][9] The success of the film led to the release of two feature film sequels, 
The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions, and the Matrix franchise was further expanded through the production of comic books, video games, and animated short films.

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